Food Poisoning – Causes, Symptoms, Treatment

Food or water poisoning is a common disease that occurs as a result of entering food or water containing bacteria, parasites, viruses or toxins produced by these microorganisms. Symptoms usually manifest themselves within 24 hours, unexpectedly, shortly after the consumption of contaminated food. This disease can occur in a person or in a group of people who ate from the same contaminated food.

Why Incidence Is Higher In Summer Period?

Food poisoning can occur at any time of the year but undoubtedly the peak reached in the warmer months. One reason is the state of the weather. High temperatures and humidity in summer allow bacteria to multiply rapidly and in large numbers. Once this happens, one will try contaminated feed is likely to get sick. Another reason is the increased activity of the people. In summer the number of people who cook out, go on a picnic or camp. Because of that, kitchen advantages (refrigerator thermostat to control the cooking, dishwasher) usually are not available.

Ways Of Food Pollution

Food poisoning usually occurs during eating and drinking:

  • Food prepared by a chef who does not keep a constant and proper hand hygiene.
  • Food prepared using contaminated kitchen utensils.
  • Dairy products or food containing mayonnaise and kept out of the fridge for a longer period.
  • Frozen food that is not kept at proper temperature.
  • Raw fish and oysters.
  • Fresh vegetables and fruits that are not properly washed.
  • Insufficiently cooked eggs and meat.
  • Water from a well or a stream that has not been previously purified.
  • Meat products contaminated with bacteria by ingestion of the microorganism of the animal whose meat is used.
  • Water containing faeces and used for watering the plants.

Most Frequent Causes

There are many microorganisms that cause food poisoning, but the most common are: Caused Appearance of the first symptoms Contaminated food and method of transferring

Clostridium perfringens 8-16 hours: Meat and meat products sauce in which the meat is cooked

Staphylococcus aureus 1.6 hours: Meats and prepared salads, cream sauces, sweet cream. It can be spread by contact with the hand, coughs or sneezes contaminated by individual.

Salmonella 24-72 hours: Raw meat, milk, eggs and egg yolk. Survives with inadequate preparation. Can be transferred if the contaminated hands of chef knives, cutting surfaces of food.

Clostridium botulinum 12-72 hours: Canned food with low acidity, improperly sealed cans, smoked and salted fish, baked potato in aluminum foil, food stored at room temperature for a longer time.

Bacillus cereus 8-16 hours: Eggs, meat, dairy products, plants.

Campylobacter 2.5 days: Meat and eggs (contamination occurs if polluted feces come into contact with food), unpasteurized milk, contaminated water.

Shigella 24-48 hours: Raw seafood and fresh food. Can be transferred if the cook is contaminated.

E.coli 1.8 days: Beef contaminated with feces (usually occurs in undercooked meat), unpasteurized milk, contaminated water.

Rotavirus 1-3 days Raw food: Can be transferred if the cook is contaminated.

Symptoms And Complications

Symptoms depend on the source and cause of the contamination. Most types of food poisoning-causing symptoms:

  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Cramping and abdominal pain
  • High fever
  • Fever
  • Weakness

Symptoms may appear several hours to several days after ingestion of contaminated food, and persist from 1 to 10 days. The most common complication is dehydration.

Less common but more serious complications are:

  • arthritis
  • bleeding
  • damage to the nervous system
  • kidney problems
  • swelling or irritation of the tissue around the heart.

When To Ask For Help And Contact A Doctor?

Should immediately contact the nearest health center if you have:

  • Blood or pus in the stool
  • Diarrhea, while you cannot drink fluids because of nausea and vomiting
  • Temperatures higher than 38 degrees accompanied by diarrhea
  • Signs of dehydration (thirst, dizziness, headaches)
  • Diarrhea which is not improved in 5 days
  • Child that vomits more than 12 hours (when it comes to baby 3 months, you should talk to your doctor as soon as you begin diarrhea or vomiting)
  • Poisoning of fish or mushrooms, botulism.

How To Help Yourself?

  • Rest the stomach. Do not eat for a few hours.
  • Drink plenty of water. Adults should drink 8 to 16 glasses of water a day, but in smaller amounts several times more to prevent dehydration. You will know that you are getting enough water when you start to urinate normally and the color of dark urine will pass to normal.
  • Eat light food. After a few hours resting, the stomach should enter foods that are easy to digest, like crackers, toast, gelatin, bananas, rice. But you should stop eating if you get back the urge to vomit.
  • Avoid certain foods and substances until you feel better. It comes to dairy products, caffeine, alcohol, nicotine and heavy fatty foods.
  • Rest good. The disease and dehydration can make you exhausted and languorous. Do not use medicines against diarrhea. Such drugs instead to help you ease the diarrhea may prevent elimination of bacteria or toxins from your system and to exacerbate the situation.

Health Benefits Of Pineapple

You are questioning yourself what are the health benefits of pineapple? Here you can find out all of them and believe us, it is really effective. Pineapple is known as the fruit of the kings, fruit which in the past was only available to natives of the tropics and the rich Europeans.

This tropical plant comes from Uruguay, Brazil, Paraguay and Puerto Rico. The fruit of the pineapple stalk grows as a hundred or more flowers coming out of the plant high up to three meters. Small fruits of pineapples are arranged in two interlocking spirals, eight spirals in one direction, thirteen spirals in the other direction, each of them a Fibonacci number. Good juicy ripe pineapple will satisfy wish for a sweet.

Despite good taste there are many health benefits. Pineapple is rich in vitamins and minerals and contains low amounts of fat and cholesterol. Proteolytic enzyme containing pineapple is called bromelain. He breaks down the protein, has anti-inflammatory effect and effectively reduces swelling.

Pineapple helps in healing inflammation of throat, arthritis and joint pain. Anti-inflammatory properties reduce the symptoms of arthritis and help reduce pain after surgery and sports injuries.

To increase the efficiency, pineapples should be consumed between meals, without any other food. On the other hand, the health benefit is that improves digestion. If pineapples are consumed with other foods, will help in digesting it.

One of the benefits of this fruit is that it helps to build healthy bones. Pineapple is rich in magnesium, a mineral trace that needs the body for building bone and connective tissue. Just one cup of pineapple juice provides 73% of the recommended daily amount of magnesium. This benefit of pineapple can promote growth of bones in young people and strengthen bones in older people.

This fruit is a good source of vitamin C and therefore offers excellent protection against free radicals. According to studies vitamin C, the most important water soluble antioxidant is invaluable in the fight against and prevention of the consequences of the action of free radicals.

Pineapple is good for colds and coughs. It is good to know that the benefits of pineapple juice in cold or cough are just as good as an orange juice, but with the additional benefits because bromelain helps coughs and other symptoms of colds and flu.

Improves oral health because vitamin C reduces the risk of gingivitis and periodontitis. Despite the increase in the ability of connective tissue to regenerate and increases the body’s ability to fight invading bacteria and other toxins that contribute to gum disease.

Australian scientists have found useful molecules in the stem of the pineapple. Initial research has shown that they prevent the occurrence of a certain type of cancer (breast, lung, colon, ovarian and skin cancer).

Among other benefits, the royal fruit affects the relief of symptoms of arthritis, helps hypertension, bronchitis, throat infections, digestion. To make the most of the benefits of the nutritional value of the pineapple is best to eat fresh. If that is not an option, a good substitute is canned pineapple, especially one that is canned in their own juice.

An Overview Of Different Causes Of Sore Throats

The fact that it’s so common often makes people think that it’s caused by only one agent, and they try to use the same kind of medication to try and get rid of it each time they get infected. However, you should always remember that this condition can be caused by a vast number of pathogens.

In many cases, treatment does not need more than just relaxation and some rest, though sometimes one may need to visit a doctor to get medication for it. Ultimately, the only way to find out what treatment would be best is to find out what organism caused it and then treating this.One of the most common organisms responsible for causing sore throat are bacteria.

Our mouths are usually filled with many different kinds of bacteria, even with proper dental care. Most of the time, such bacteria do not cause any problem. However, when there are conditions such as lack of proper dental hygiene, such bacteria can multiply and induce an inflammatory reaction in the throat that manifests as pain. This kind of sore throat is often treated using antibacterial mouthwash and by proper dental care.

Another cause of sore throat are viruses. There are many different kinds of viruses that often cause this condition, even if they affect other parts of the body. Some of these include Epstein Barr virus, which infects white blood cells, the influenza virus, and sometimes the virus that causes cold sores (herpes virus). Infection with these agents is often not amenable to any kind of drugs, and in many cases the only treatment you can use is symptomatic, which means taking medication meant to soothe the throat.

Viral sore throats are the most common kind.In addition to that, there are other pathologies that can also induce pain in the throat. For instance, breathing with your mouth rather than through your nose tends to dry out the membranes around the throat, and this causes pain.

If you suffer from GERD, the acidic contents from the stomach can also reach your esophagus, causing pain as well. Infection of the lymph nodes around the throat can also cause enlargement of these nodes, and can also induce pain.In some cases, a sore throat can also be due to medication. For instance, when you have oral thrush and are given medication to treat it, one of the side effects that you may end up encountering includes sore throat.

The condition can also occur in cases where you receive therapy in the form of ionizing radiation to treat other causes such as throat cancer. A prolonged sore throat can also be part of the symptomatology of some diseases, such as the early stages of AIDS or even some kinds of cancer.

As you would appreciate, there are many different causes of this kind of pain. Majority of them are viral, and often end up resolving on their own in a few days. However, if you experience a sore throat for longer than a week or find that there are other accompanying symptoms that are not consistent with a simple sore throat, it’s often a good idea to seek medical advice.